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Re: An 'Allocated' Name : is it moralising or demoralising or of historical interest?

Firstly on a light note, if you don't attach much significance to a name, see the amount of confusion a name has caused. Read my post "Smell the roses" to see the case of the famous Olympic skier Picabo Street (pronounced Peek-a-boo) (lol).

Verne, my friend, I don't know how you could even think of equating a sobriquet deliberately used by SOMEONE to hide HIS/HER identity, to a wholesale determined effort by OTHERS to brutally wipe out a PEOPLE'S identity. The obvious difference is that you yourself chose your own sobriquet. It was not forced upon you by anyone. What Sparrow does and who he is are two separate things. That's why the surname of his children is Francisco, not the Mighty Sparrow as the sobriquet he uses in the calypso world.

Have you ever wondered why is it so important for a child to know and carry his father's name? Why is a father as well as a mother so important in the lives of their children?
Verne, I think it's the connection it makes to give the child a base and an understanding of his identity and appreciation of whom he/she is. Now that's not to say that a child deprived of those basics cannot grow up to be an outstanding adult. Sure he/she can as is evidenced by many adopted children, but admitting that in no way belittles the importance of a biological father and mother. And btw, have you noticed the confusion that sometimes result when an adopted child starts asking his adopted parents why doesn't he/she look like them? That's the importance I am talking about. A child needs to know his real identity. What he/she does after having that knowledge is all up to them.

I believe that the same is true for a race who have been deliberately cut off from their origins. Imagine the multiple problems and neurosis may I add, for those folks who have very little or no idea of their origins while their "adopted parents" treat them as though they are parasites and the worst thing that God could have created.
Verne that's the significance of Alex Haley's ROOTS. That's why it received so much popularity and acclaim. It was like an awakening for "cast-away" Black people who suddenly discovered that they had a real live connection beyond the Western World. That's why the 1960's saw a flourishing of the popular "Afro" and other fads as Black people tried to give their own definition to who they are on their own terms as distinctly different from what White people said they are. They were giving themselves an identity, or a name if you will!
Man, the civil rights movement and the other tumultuous events of the sixties and seventies cannot be understood in their true perspective without recognizing what was at the heart of it even though many things went awry. It's too bad that "the onward always, backward never" movement seems to have stopped dead in its tracks. That's why we still have a long, long way in discovering who we really are.

A rose by any other name would still smell as sweet, wrote Shakespeare. While that might be true for inanimate objects etcetra, it cannot hold for a living people's understanding of their real identity, or name. After all people are human beings not things.

My take.

Re: An 'Allocated' Name : is it moralising or demoralising or of historical interest?


This topic seems to be giving you some trouble boi, because I cannot comprehend why you are failing to see the limited significance of our "assigned names".

Bro, whether it is Hailey, DeCoteau, Smith or Louison, if we were not biologically linked to our slave owners/masters, then our assigned names (keeping it in the context of Lady G's research) were only a designation (could well have been a number) to orderly mark the beginning or trace the movement of us... " as property" through the economic chain. This designation my friend today, allow us to trace our ancestors up to the point when the names were assigned but cannot bear any significance after that as it was not necessary to keep any records of our African names.

Alex Hailey's "Roots" was masterfully named as the branches of his family tree were laden with fruits of Hailey ; appropriately or inappropriately named. But how could you or I or even Alex lay claim to an identity that does no bear any semblance of any biological/genealogical linkage to our being (remembering it is the roots, not the branches) and claim it as our own?

How then can we embrace the Lilly White DeCoteau's and Louison's of France or the British Smith's and Campbell's as being related to us when in fact our only commonality is that of our last names?

Can you make that case?

Now revisiting my initial contention, is it not safe to conclude that I could have been a Campbell or a DeCoteau or a Smith and so could have you? and if so, would we not have taken our physical and biological characteristics, making us who we are as being determined by our African ancestors rather than our last names as designated by our slave masters?

Do you now see the limited importance of our claim to that designation?


Is it not that same designation practice we use today to "Pigeon hole" individials?

My friend, "a rose by any other name is equivalent to a slave by any other name and to the extent that the rose would retain its aroma by any other name , is to the same extent that the slave would retain his true identy by any other name.

So what's about the name that is so important again?

VJ Louison or # 57414

Re: An 'Allocated' Name : is it moralising or demoralising or of historical interest?

Verne, you asked >>So what's about the name that is so important again?<<

That's where you and I differ.

In my initial response to the topic, I wrote:
>> .... despite your (that's Genevieve) daughter's admonition that a name is just a name. I contend it is far more than just a name. I believe it is basic to our understanding of whom we are; yes a definition of ourselves.<<
My position has not changed since.

Directly addressing the question asked in the topic, my answer is categorically yes it is demoralizing and confusing. Many of us are suffering from the realization that our names do not reflect our real origins. That's why Malcolm dropped Little and had it replaced by X. Many other African Americans likewise have dropped their European names and adopted African names in their place.
My ancestors too have taken on the slave master's name without they ever knowing what their real original name was. It would not have mattered that much if this was a case of a loving adoption. But as the intent was to completely disassociate us forever from our original stock, to make us feel as though we had nothing, and never had a beginning, I do find it downright insulting and criminal. What's my real last name? I haven't the slightest clue, but I do know that it could never have been DeCoteau since France is not a part of the African continent. Who knows, my last name might well have been Bempa, Zirimenya, Anan, Mandella, Nkrumah, Osakwi, even Obama or whatever other African last name. Instead my forefathers took DeCoteau as though they were of French ancestry. I doubt very much that I have or they had even a little drop of French blood in them, unless there were cases of rape. I cannot tell you how many times white people have automatically assumed that I am able to speak French because of my name.

That so many of us Black folks have turned that misfortune into a positive, is tremendously admirable, and something to be proud of. Hence a Vivian and Vernon Louison who refused to allow the circumstances of their birth to deter them from becoming exemplary Gouyavemen; which incidentally is the real theme running throughout A PLACE CALLED GOUYAVE. So of course it mattered little what last name you Vernon has. You might have still risen to the top whether your last name was Mandela or Churchill or even Hitler. In that sense therefore I am in complete agreement with your point of >>the limited significance of our "assigned names"."
But that, my friend, refers to individuals or parts and not the whole race. In no way does it mean that the group in general were not affected. It's like saying since there were free African Americans during slavery it minimizes the devastating effects slavery had on Black people as a whole.

That's my real point which you are apparently failing to grasp in its totality. But I am guessing that you are coming real close to doing so when you asked >>How then can we embrace the Lilly White DeCoteau's and Louison's of France or the British Smith's and Campbell's as being related to us when in fact our only commonality is that of our last names?<<
Isn't that what I've been asking all along!!

Finally, I am joining you in asking Lady G to give her input on this topic. After all she started it, didn't she?

An 'Allocated' Name : is it moralising or demoralising or of historical interest?

Engaging in this 'allocated name' moral puzzle debate of complexities, about slaveowners passed down surnames to individuals to me has ethical and moral implications, for example, the name on a birth certificate should be the ‘correct’ name of the mother and/or father. So when does a ‘passed down’ name become legally valid for the purpose of certification? Legally how did it become the correct name to be included on legal documents? For argument sake, if my father was allocated the slaveowner surname ‘Ferray’ and my mother’s allocated slaveowner name ‘Goulard’, morally, why should my mother be known as Mrs Ferray? When not an ounce of Ferray’s blood might be flowing in my father’s veins?

Logically, with regard to pronunciation, the surname is not yours, it belongs to the slave-owner/purchaser or plantation owner, only he can pronounce his official inherited ‘full name’, the way it should be pronounced, not the person who it is ‘passed down’ to in ensuring appropriate pronunciation. So another question arises, when does a ‘passed down’ name becomes part of one’s own inheritance or heritage?

Following, the Shakespeare quote, 'what’s in a name?' The next day my daughter and I had another conversation, I told her that my maiden name was the name of a French slave owner/purchaser. She said nothing, but reminded me that Juliet, Ophelia, etc was names created by Shakespeare himself. I continued, that down the generations, (even up to the now) some Caribbean people have this ‘illusory effect’ or ‘naïve thinking’ based on their own ideology that because their surname is French, or Scottish, or English, whatever,… that somewhere down the generational line, they have French or British ‘family genetic’ underpinning connections. And for some people the surname, for argument sake, L’Etang, ends there – surname of slaveowner full stop. On the contrary, some people are quick to say, my so and so relative, two generations back, or whatever, was ‘mixed race’. That may be the case, the island had what was described as ‘French coloureds’, so I say, yes, fine, but because they had a surname, for argument sake, L’etang, it does not mean they may have blood connections, because even a ‘coloured’ slave may have the name L’etang, but his/her mother could have become impregnated by slaveowner eg ‘James Scott’ and then the resulting offspring at a later stage, sold to L’etang, and becomes the slave of L’etang. Of course, no one is denying for an instant, that this ‘mixed race’ person may have Caucasian blood running through their veins – but that may have been one of the game of slavery - selling/buying cycle – to ensure 'masquerading' change of slave 'surnames' to eradicate paternal or whatever responsibilities.

From my own ethical perspective, when the Emancipation Act was passed in 1834, the freed slaves, should have been given two optional rights, a) keep your slaveowner/plantation owner name, or b) select your own. An 1825 document from the island of Nevis, shows both the slave 'real' African name given next to their English name, eg Enebo - Tom; Abaraga - Joseph; Inguar - George. So, what is dismissive about using the name Enebo instead of Tom?

So 'what’s in a name', to me, the carrying of a slaveowner’s name, carries severe, infringing and hindering implications of loyalty to the dark, gloomy side of the country’s slavery past, with a seemingly lack of yearning or repudiation for complete emancipation from the slavery connection by the users of the names who even today never had the given opportunity to change ‘passed down’ names. For example, some people may not even know that Esprit L’etang was a slaveowner? Is the carrying of a slaveowners’ surname down the generation, a seemingly communal obligation for historical interest, which brings an unpleasant taste in the mouth of one ‘crying out in the wilderness’ with visionary beliefs for its total obscurity from our society? These surnames carries accountability and conjure up an imagery of narrative slavery moral equation which takes into account: suffering, cruelty, tears, torment, racism, robbery of individual voices, robbery of legal self identification, robbery of fundamental rights – that when the focus lens zooms in on the ‘allocation of a passed down name’ with nothing short of the demoralising associated evils of the constant reminder of the slave owners and purchasers surnames. In terms of historical interest, should folks continue to show their communal 'moralising' loyalty to Campbell, L'Etang, Roy, Clozier, Brissac, Ferray, Decotteau, LaTaste,Vincent, Gordon,Mandillon, McSween, Besson, Goulard, by ensuring correct pronunciation...or simply demoralising the 'allocated surnames' by complete and absolute deletion from our dysfunctional life jigsaw puzzle?

Lord, Thy will be done, for the living and the dead are in your Hands, in Jesus' name Amen.