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Forum: Gouyave Talk
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Joachim Philip - Family man and Rebel with a cause.

Joachim Philip – one of Julian Fedon most trusted lieutenants, and one of many Grenadian who sacrificed all the privileges enjoyed as mixed race 'adopted subjects'. Not much or anything that I can find, has been written about him as a family man. After all, the Fedon struggle was about attempts at preservation of our French and African identity that was uniquely becoming ours after one hundred and fifty years together.


Based on details in his Will written and published in 1773, Page 1, Page 2, Page 3, Page 4, Page 5, Page 6, the father of Joachim, Honore Philip Sr., listed his assets and the beneficiaries in details. His African companion (common law wife) and mother of his children was a free African woman who bore him ten children. A nephew named François Philip, his mother and three brothers were also mentioned. But nothing about the wives or husbands of his children. So I went on the search to find out if Joachim was married and to whom. I found an indenture made on September 10th, 1785 between the Philip siblings and finally his wife was listed as a Jeanne Rose D’Arcueil. I have seen the surname D'Arcueil in other documents on the Fedon insurrection that involved one very determined resistor named Clozier D'Arcueil. Clozier D'Arcueil is one of the most underrepresented fighter in the study of the Fedon insurrection. An old man with Values as solid as a Gouyave Rock.


So I wanted to know more. I started searching for any information linking D’Arcueil and the Philips. First I found a marriage agreement – in French of course, Page.1, Page.2, Page.3, Page.4, done in 1785 for Joachim Philip and a Jeanne Rose D’Arcueil, residents of Gouyave Saint John. Just what I wanted. It was elaborate and listed names that I would eventually learn were part of the established French/African nationals who were involved in forming our new national identity – My old debate, - ‘Toward a Creole Myth of Origin’. In this marriage agreement there was Madam Rozalie - negresse libre (Free black woman), the mother of Jeanne Rose D’Arcueil, and none other than the proud La Grenade nationalist, Monsieur Clozier D'Arcueil, her father. Monsieur Clozier D'Arcueil was from one of La Grenade oldest French families, a son of Francois Clozier de Beaulieu Born in 1716 in the French Quarters, and hung in the market square at age 80 by the British in 1796. François Philip, Joachim’s first cousin – often referred in Internet documents as an uncle, and who was well known for his defense of Slaves, was also in attendance as a participant in the agreement signing. The other Clozier brothers Clozier-Chantamel, Clozier- DeCoteaux, Clozier-Papin, Clozier-St Marie, and other cousins were there too.


When the insurrection was finally suppressed in 1796, Joachim used this extended family connections of the Clozier family who were big estate owners in the parish of St. Patrick’s, St Mark, St John, and nearly every other parish, to avoid capture of a vengeful British, and eventually escaped to his family island of Petite Martinique, which his father Honore Philip Sr. purchased in 1773 with a big chunk of the Island of Carriacou Page 1, Page 2, Page 3 from Jérémie Camusat de Sainte-Croix. He kept a low profile there until he was betrayed and captured by a loyal British slave Militia and returned to St George’s where he was hung in the market square like his father-in-law before him in 1803.


No one has really bothered to find out what ever happened to the wife and children of Joachim Philip as far as I can tell. I suspect they were banished to Trinidad or another French island as were most of the women and children of the insurgents. But I want to know and I think we all should want to know. The father of the Clozier brothers Francois Clozier de Beaulieu, shows up in Grenada French records as early as 1717 as a judge for the king of France. Based on what is said in those records, he was a very adventurous man who ran into trouble with the King and other local French merchants competing for business in the colonies. What I don't totally understand as yet, is why nearly all of his children born in Grenada had the name Clozier followed by some other surname that was not de Beaulieu. Is this an old French naming thing? Did they all have diffrent mothers? As far as I can tell, Clozier D'Arceuil's full name was Charles Francois Clozier D'Arceuil. His siblings were: Genevisie Catherine Berthelin Clozier, Louis Francois Clozier Chantemel (Clozier Chantemel), Louis Francois Clozier DeCoteaux (Clozier DeCoteaux), Philip Charles Clozier DeCoteaux, L. J.G. Clozier Papin, Clozier St Marie, and Francois Charles Marie Clozier. And there could be more. And we all know that there are villages today which took their names. Like Clozier in many parishes and even in Carriacou and Chantemel in St Patrick. All these Clozier men had freed African common law wives and mixed race children. This explains why the surname DeCoteaux is so plentiful on the British list of rebels that were executed. The entire Clozier family participated in the struggle. Many ended up on the list of executed rebels and others left the island never to return. What remained of them in La Grenade, became obedient British Subjects who went along to be educated in Great Britain and many were later grateful recipients of the honor of the British Empire!


An index for all the entries for the digitalized images on the Francois Clozier de Beaulieu can be access here starting from page 110 - 125 for La Grenade:

http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/getpdf.php?mode=view&id=FRANOM_00027&fmt=.pdf

To be continued.....