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This search is getting rather interesting… The LOUISONS are actually a bigger family than I thought. Looking at our archives they are everywhere. From the 1760s, the names Jean François LOUISON, Pierre LOUISON, Michel LOUISON, appears in the archives that I have looked at. They are MANY more left to go over and I am sure more names will show up. The way I like to do this is to collect as many names for a family that I can find, and later try to put the pieces together from all the available documents to form family groups. In part 1 I looked at the LOUISONS from the estate of Monsieur Martin from the department of Paroisse Du Maigrin (St David).
Some names disappeared from the archives and require research outside of Grenada. That is the case with Michel LOUISON --- in III -Number (25) List from French Islands of Blacks and Coloreds in Book of Registry in history of Trinidad. Other Grenadians are on that list like a member of the CLOZIER family we discussed. The interesting thing to keep in mind is that – even as Grenadians run for cover to escape British rule, the links between the families in Trinidad continued way into the 1800’s. My intention is to find ALL the connections to all these individuals from bits and pieces of documents that are available to me today. Every year the former Colonial powers will show a little respect for our culture and make available docs removed to France and Britain which are stored in archives they have no interest in. Hopefully one day they will be all made available for ordinary folks like me who can use the Internet to access them.
Another interesting LOUISON I think I am able to make connection to is the LOUISON I believe was mentioned in the Fedon narrative written by the Anglican minister Francis M’mahon whose life Fedon spared, named: “A Narrative of the insurrection in the Island of Grenada in the year 1795”. I discussed him in part 1. So I decided to see if I can find out more about this LOUISON who was so involved in the Fedon insurrection. In a Thesis submitted for a degree of PhD at the University of Warwick - The Tolerated, the Indulged and the Contented: Ethnic Alliances and Rivalries in Grenadian Plantation Society 1763-1800 by Donald Polson (his grandfather was a Kayak), on page 347 Appendix F., he has a list of Slaves Losses sustained at Waltham Plantation in quartier Par De Grand Pauvre (St Mark). The name LOUISON who was a driver is listed under “"hanged"”.
The Waltham Estate – Plantation, was purchased by the notorious Scotsman and British rule governor, Ninian Home in 1776 – with all the slaves and sugar making utilities from a fleeing Grenadian French Catholic. It was very profitable and enriched his family in Scotland who purchased estates and built lavish Scottish Mansions with the enormous profits. Source: Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic World, 1750-1820. So it seems reasonable to assume that the LOUISON who was mentioned in Minister Francis M’mahon narrative on the Fedon insurrection, is no other that this LOUISON hanged here. It is documented that most men slaves who were involved in the Fedon Struggle and survived the slaughter, returned to their families on their former plantations. Jean Baptiste who was the cook on the plantation of Clozier D’Arcueil, and who was one of the executioners of Home and his companions, returned and was named by Minister Francis M’mahon and dragged to the Market square and hung. It is almost certain that both LOUISON and Jean Baptiste were family men. Now I need to find out what happened to their families. You can just imagine that this LOUISON must have known governor Home personally. It is no wander that Fedon had him amongst the guards who transported the governor and other prisoners from the camps. LOUISON was also a reliable messenger for Fedon and his officers.
LOUISON Births in Gouyave 1875 – 1897:
1875 - Benj and Misses Louison - Black Bay
1875 - Eliz Louison - Parlmont? Estate
1875 - Rose Louison - Bernard?
1875 - Prince and Rebeca Louison - Black Bay
1876 - Eliz Louison - Parlmount? Estate
1876 - Henrietta Louison - Bernard?
1878 - Anglia Louison - Grand Roy Estate
1878 - Prince and Margaret Louison - Black Bay Estate
1879 - Prince and Margaret Louison - Black Bay Estate
1897 - Darling?? Louison - Meriget?
1897 - David Louison - Charllote Town
LOUISON Deaths in Gouyave 1882 – 1935:
1882 - Prince and Matilda Louison - Parents
1883 - Pierre Louison
1887 - Pricilla Louison
1887 - Mary Louison
1899 - Rose Lousion
1899 - Andreas Louison
1901 - Veroniquie Louison
1901 - Victor Louison
1907 - Edward Louison
1908 - Carlton Louison
1908 - Susannah Louison
1912 - Edward Louison
1913 - Mary Louison
1915 - Doyle Louison
1916 - Jonas Louison
1916 - Alexander Louison
1917 - Naomie Louison
1924 - Bertha Louison
1924 - George Louison
1924 - Olga Louison
1934 - C??? Louison
1935 - Margaret Louison
This is some great work Monsieur Peter St. Paul. I am also a Louison, grandson of Egbert Louison (spelled Edgbut on the LOUISONS part 1). The names listed as his siblings are indeed my grand uncles, and his father was from St. Davids, as my Grand Uncle Llyle was able to confirm. Meaning that Vernon Louison, son of Victor Louison, is my cousin, one generation up.
I am also interested in salvaging the link to the Concord Louisons, as well as where the the name originated with respects to our ancestors (was it from the Louisons from the St. Davids plantation?). Of course this would be viable, as we know the Louisons before my grand father's generation were in St. Davids. But I want to understand if we are truly linked to the Louisons in St. Lucia and Trinidad, or if it is indeed just a coinsidence of having the same name. I had spoken to a Louison from Trinidad not long ago, and her grandfather was apparently a Louison from Martinique who fled during the volcanic eruption of 1902. So, these Louisons may only be a name coinsidence.
Keep up the fantastic work Monsieur!
It is great to have your input on the extended Louison family. The original intent of the search was to find the Louisons of Gouyave as they developed from the early 1700s to the end of the Fedon Rebellion and emancipation. But as pieces of the links were put together, it is beginning to look like the Louison family were extended and concentrated in other parishes. They all seem to have some kind of connection to Louisons who came to Grenada under French rule, most likely from Saint-Domingue. I am not certain yet if they were white or mixed race – or both, who owned slaves. Michel Louison who moved to Trinidad from Grenada in the 1780’s, were on a list of blacks and coloreds. So we know he came from a Louison family in Grenada in the 1700s who were not white French. There are lot more documents to be looked at that will present a clearer picture of the development of the Louisons in Grenada.
From the French archives on Martinique in 1769, a Mr Louison is documented with his slaves born in Africa freed around that time. There are also Louisions in Guadeloupe and a very big population in Haiti. They all left links that we can put together that links a common heritage.
It was interesting to see in the British Slave Register for Grenada that there existed a Louison listed as a Carib Slave. He is documented from 1829 to 1835 leading up to emancipation. He was on the Westerhall Estate in St David’s, but ended up in St. George’s by 1835. I am still working on finding out if the Louisons who took part in the Fedon rebellion, and who left children I can trace from Estates in Gouyave after they were defeated. The slave schedules in the sales of the estates might give some clues.
Louison Name in Martinique 1769
Louison Name in Martinique 1769 with list of slave names
1829 Carib Louison
In 1833 Carib Louison
In 1834 at 37.7 Years old Carib Louison
Sebastien FRANCOIS LOUISON of Guadeloupe discuss using new technology to grow bananas and make farming a sexy occupation - again